Nashville, TN

Nashville Real Estate and Homes For Sale

City

Learn about Nashville

What is Nashville known for?

Located in Davidson County, the city of Nashville is the anchor to a metro population of nearly 2 million residents. The growth of Nashville has caused residents to expand outside of city limits and explore neighboring cities such as Gallatin and Hendersonville to the north, Mount Juliet and Lebanon to the east, Franklin and Brentwood to the south, and Pegram and White Bluff to the west. Much of this growth is thanks to a lower cost of living and a strong local economy. Tennessee has a favorable tax rate for residents and businesses alike. Many businesses are relocating their corporate headquarters to Nashville in response and residents from high-tax states such as California and New York are moving to Nashville daily.

Who is Nashville a good fit for?

If you’re a fan of great food, live music, and endless entertainment, then you’ll want to consider planting your roots in Nashville, Tennessee. Although Music City gained its notoriety for the lively Honky Tonks on Broadway, the city isn’t just for music aficionados. The favorable cost of living, low unemployment rate, and rapid development make it a great place to raise a family or even begin your professional career.

Icon Of A Checklist

See all Nashville listings

Hot listings sell in a matter of days. Set up your custom feed Nashville to view the listings that are most relevant to you.

Icon Of A Checklist

See all Nashville listings

Hot listings sell in a matter of days. Set up your custom feed Nashville to view the listings that are most relevant to you.

Homes For Sale in Nashville

Nashville

A modern and luxurious home in the "Hollywood Hills" of Nashville! You'll love the wall-to-wall windows and absolutely stunning views of the Nashville skyline! This home also boasts 20 ft ceilings, a water filtration system with reverse osmosis, a full walk-out basement with a full kitchen, and much more. Entertain guests with a wet bar and three levels of outdoor living space! Take advantage of the gorgeous separate living space and short-term rental permit.

114B Fern Ave

Nashville, TN 37207

$1,399,000Save $20,985

4 Beds

5.5 Baths

4,218 sqft

NEWLY UPDATED AND REMODELED GLENCLIFF GEM! NEW Bathroom, NEW finished living space, NEW countertops, NEW paint, NEW downstairs flooring, NEW shower, NEW landscaping, etc.! Be the first person to ever use the BRAND NEW full bathroom in the downstairs play area, and invite your friends over to grill out on the MASSIVE party deck! Tastefully updated home located on a private lot with a HUGE backyard and surrounded by lush trees on a quiet culdasac in TRENDY Glencliff!!!

174 Wheeler Ave

Nashville, TN 37211

$419,000Save $6,285

3 Beds

2 Baths

1,761 sqft

2 hour notice for showings. Incredible 2015 built Craftsman-style home with 3 car garage plus workshop space & mother-in law suite above! Other features include: private screened porch, Master down w/ Luxury master bath, designer kitchen w/ butlery, wine rack, awesome bonus room up. Sought-after 2 bedrooms on main floor & hardwoods throughout. Don't miss this one! Washer/Dryer does not remain.

609 S 13th St

Nashville, TN 37206

$899,900Save $13,499

5 Beds

3.5 Baths

3,080 sqft

Beautiful completely renovated 1700 sqft 3bdr/2bath home perfectly located in the Nations and walkable to many of Nashville's hot spots and eateries. This Split-level gem with a finished basement, boasts a modern kitchen with quartz countertops, upgraded finishes and stainless steel appliances. Filled with great lighting and plentiful parking with a covered parking area, this homes stands out with it's unique features mixed with it's original charm.

5209 Louisiana Ave

Nashville, TN 37209

$465,000Save $6,975

3 Beds

2 Baths

1,700 sqft

Lovely Home!!! Great Location!!! This beautiful ranch situated on 1 acre in the heart of West Meade has it all! Fully renovated in 2015 including re-wiring, re-plumbing, new HVAC & water heater, foam encapsulated attic, and even a new water line to the street!! Kitchen and all baths re-done and primary bed and bath added on. Finished basement with room for expansion and huge detached garage with so many possibilities! Open House Thur 7/29 5:00 - 7:30.

6357 Torrington Road

Nashville, TN 37205

$998,500Save $14,978

4 Beds

3.5 Baths

3,643 sqft

This gorgeous home has been completely renovated and well maintained, large bedrooms up and open floor plan down. Large patio with privacy fence. Walking distance from Green Hills mall, Trader Joes, Whole Foods, banking, wonderful restaurants, I-440 and so much more. This home is a must see. Showings start Thurs July 29 , Open House Sunday Aug 1st, 1-4p HOA includes water, sewer, gas, grounds maintenance, pool.

1900 Richard Jones Rd

Nashville, TN 37215

$349,900Save $5,249

3 Beds

2.5 Baths

1,600 sqft

This gorgeous ground level condo is within walking distance of the best of Nashville including the Nashville Sounds and Nissan Stadiums, Downtown, Restaurants, and a Farmer's Market! Features include access to a community Rooftop Deck, WIDE OPEN floor plan, Granite, 9' ceilings, and beautiful Hardwoods throughout. Updated bath includes a GORGEOUS shower, and large walk-in closet. This one also comes deeded with one of the few covered parking spots in the complex! Welcome Home.

303 Criddle St

Nashville, TN 37219

$340,000Save $5,100

1 Beds

1 Baths

1,100 sqft

This condo is located minutes from Downtown Nashville, I-40 and Nashville West. All desirable amenities are located within minutes. The condo is move in ready with fresh paint and new carpet.

246 White Bridge Pike

Nashville, TN 37209

$250,000Save $3,750

2 Beds

1 Baths

850 sqft

One-of-a-kind floorplan at Twelve|Twelve with designer upgrades & finishes. Panoramic Downtown and Sunset Views. 2 Balconies. Gas Range. 2 Parking Spaces & 1 Storage Unit included. 12|12 features 2 guest suites, salt-water pool, hot tub, green roof, dog park, trainer driven fitness center, & 2 owner lounges. Airbnb not permitted, long-term rentals only via HOA provided leasing permit.

1212 Laurel St. #1704

Nashville, TN 37203

$1,200,000Save $18,000

2 Beds

2 Baths

1,395 sqft

Stunning renovation in the heart of Hillsboro - West End. This head-to-toe exquisite remodel was featured on Masters of Flip in 2019! Home boasts beautifully selected tiles, surfaces, and cabinetry, original hardwoods, Kichler lighting, Native Trails fixtures, Thor appliances, irrigation system in front & back yards, state of the art electrostatic air filtration system, and water purification at kitchen sink. High ceilings throughout and a main level primary suite to die for. Walkable location!

2602 Essex Pl

Nashville, TN 37212

$1,500,000Save $22,500

4 Beds

3 Baths

3,676 sqft

Premium Location!!Crieve Hall Estates - 3-4 Bedroom 2 full ba brick cottage style home with full finished basement and private entrance. This home includes beautiful hardwood floors, freshly painted interior and new HVAC units & ductwork, mini-split downstairs, new carpet and downstairs flooring, window shades and upgraded thermal windows. Ceiling fans/lighting in bedrooms and kitchen. Large covered front porch and x-large driveway w/turn around and patio area in the back. Manicured treed lot!

525 Crieve Rd

Nashville, TN 37220

$549,900Save $8,249

4 Beds

2 Baths

2,129 sqft

Green Hills beauty zoned for Julia Green. Hard to find THREE bedroom suites including primary on the main floor. True office on main floor. Huge 450 sqft screened-in porch with fireplace & infrared heater for year-round use. 3 car garage. Beautiful landscaping with full irrigation. Whole home humidifier, Energy Star Certified Green Building Verification. Quiet & serene cul-de-sac location. Walk to Woodmont Park. Easy access to Ensworth, MBA & Harpeth Hall. Showings begin Thursday 7/29.

1008 Clearview Dr

Nashville, TN 37205

$1,780,000Save $26,700

4 Beds

4.5 Baths

4,260 sqft

This 4 bedroom cottage in Belmont is steps from Sevier Park*This updated 1940 home features arched doorways, floors of polished hardwoods, a gourmet kitchen, family room, 2 dens and a glassed-in tiled porch*The lush fenced quarter acre lot includes gardens, deck with hot tub, and a carport with space above*See virtual 360° tour and virtual tour in media section.

1205 Cedar Ln

Nashville, TN 37212

$1,440,000Save $21,600

4 Beds

4 Baths

4,181 sqft

Beautiful Townhouse located in Nashboro Village just minutes from I-24 and Downtown Nashville. Great property for Investment or Starter Home! | 3 Bed 2.5 Bath | Master on Main with Private Bath and WIC | Large Eat-in Kitchen with Dining Area | Vaulted Living Room with Fireplace | Paved Large Patio | 1 Car Garage with Extra Frig | 2 Bedrooms Upstairs with WIC | Unfinished Utility Room (could be finished) | Large Study Room overlooking Living Room

2612 Nashboro Blvd

Nashville, TN 37217

$235,000Save $3,525

3 Beds

2.5 Baths

1,614 sqft

Located on one of the best streets in Green Hills, this 4 bed home is like new with an open floor plan with soaring ceilings. Primary Suite Down with En Suite bath * 3 secondary beds up with 2 full baths * Great bonus room, home office and fun loft space with circular stairs up *Laundry Up and Down *Gorgeous patio* Spacious back yard for outdoor entertaining with built in gas grill* Gorgeous interior - a must see!

4019 Albert Dr

Nashville, TN 37204

$1,295,000Save $19,425

4 Beds

3.5 Baths

3,846 sqft

Pristine condition home in the coveted Sheffield on the Harpeth Bellevue subdivision zoned Harpeth Valley Elem. Located across from the community pool, fishing pond, playground & tennis/volleyball courts. Upstairs bathrooms renovated in 2019! New carpet up. Newer windows (2010). Granite & stainless w/ large kitchen island & pantry. Gorgeous landscaping and fenced back yard w/ deck. Spacious primary bdrm w/vaulted ceiling and walk in closet. 1 yr home warranty Possible expansion space over garage

8045 Claytie Cir

Nashville, TN 37221

$500,000Save $7,500

3 Beds

2.5 Baths

2,550 sqft

WONDERFUL home right around the corner from Mitchell Deli! Formal Dining Room w Coffered Ceiling • Large, Walk-in Pantry & Butler Area • Oversized Kitchen Island & Abundant Cabinetry • Open, Light-Filled Living Room • Walk-In Laundry Room • Large Master Bath w Double Vanities & Sep Shower/Tub • His&Hers Closets • Attic & Under-Deck Storage • Covered Front Porch & Back Deck • New Storage Shed remains • NEW HVAC • WalkThru Video in Links Below!!! FIRST SHOWINGS THURSDAY 7/29

1813 Sherwood Ln

Nashville, TN 37216

$595,000Save $8,925

3 Beds

2.5 Baths

2,116 sqft

Immaculate home conveniently located among West Nashville's lush, rolling hills.This 3 bd, 2.5 bath boasts a 2 car garage, extra large primary suite, open eat-in kitchen, and dining room with plenty of space for entertaining. Ideally situated in the desireable Jordan Ridge neighborhood, you will love the quick access to Briley Pkwy, I-40, and all the shopping and dining West Nashville has to offer.

2640 Jordan Ridge Dr

Nashville, TN 37218

$349,900Save $5,249

3 Beds

2.5 Baths

2,163 sqft

COMING SOON!!! First showing Friday 7/30 @ 9am. This is a rare to find, one of a kind home that sits in a highly sought after neighborhood. It has one level living with an open floor plan, hard wood floors, carpet in the bedrooms, granite counters in the kitchen, stainless steel appliances, a private backyard and so much more. You must see this house for yourself.

8541 Beautiful Valley Dr

Nashville, TN 37221

$479,900Save $7,199

4 Beds

2 Baths

2,430 sqft

Gorgeous Tudor in wonderful location. Spacious Master up w/vaulted ceiling, plenty of closets. New 800 sq ft prof, soundproof studio/work space with 2 rooms. Level lot on almost 1/2 acre that includes mature perennial garden with room for a pool. Large rooms, including eat in kitchen that opens to back deck, classic details, 2 fp's, so much charm.

1712 Stokes Ln

Nashville, TN 37215

$1,450,000Save $21,750

5 Beds

3 Baths

4,126 sqft

Sweet home in middle of Chestnut Hill, next to Wedgewood Houston. Original floors give a vintage vibe. Can be lived in as is or have long term rental. Some furniture is neg Roof and hvac 2019

1247 2nd Ave, S

Nashville, TN 37210

$299,900Save $4,499

3 Beds

2 Baths

1,080 sqft

Amazing ranch with a park-like backyard and a HUGE garage in HIP Donelson! This was one of the first houses built in this neighborhood and has charm galore! The home will need some work and some spit and polish but what a find! This is the first time this house has been offered for resale! Property sold to settle estate. Owners not desperate. Great home, great location!

200 Blue Hills Dr

Nashville, TN 37214

$375,000Save $5,625

3 Beds

3 Baths

2,195 sqft

Amazing location in Brooke Meade! Beautiful 1 Acre Wooded lot with Ranch home, Prime Renovation Project or Start Over and Build your Dream Home.

857 Belton Dr

Nashville, TN 37205

$630,000Save $9,450

4 Beds

2 Baths

1,849 sqft

Charming Craftsman in the Heart of Belmont with 5 Bedrooms and 3.5 Baths. Amazing location and Walkable to Hillsboro Village, Vanderbilt and Belmont. This Well Maintained Home has Ample Living Space, Open Kitchen w/ Granite Counter Tops and SS Appliances. Hardwoods Throughout, Master Suite Upstairs with Sitting Area and Spacious Bath w/ Double Vanities and Walk In Shower. Relax on the Screened-In Porch and Enjoy the Fully Fenced Back Yard.

2113 18th Ave, S

Nashville, TN 37212

$1,050,000Save $15,750

5 Beds

3.5 Baths

2,566 sqft

Renovated open concept home, new kitchen, New Windows, roof 2011, New HVAC, hardwood floors, Master suite up with Jetted tub for two! Beautiful low maintenance pool from family leisure 2019, brand new pump. Huge entertaining area around pool with pergola. New addition added in 2011, Move in and relax! Listing agent related to seller

183 Woodson Ln

Nashville, TN 37211

$489,900Save $7,349

3 Beds

2.5 Baths

2,062 sqft

Perfectly located townhome within walking distance to Percy Priest Lake! Features an open floor plan with a spacious living room, eat-in kitchen, primary suite with a private balcony, and walk-in closets, and back deck! A private courtyard opens to shared green space within a short walk to the lake. The Priest Lake Park Community features a pool, tennis courts, and a walking trail. Convenient location with most major services within 2 miles or less.

3880 Priest Lake Dr

Nashville, TN 37217

$175,000Save $2,625

3 Beds

2 Baths

1,520 sqft

Palm Springs inspired new construction by award winning builder, Build Nashville, and designed by August House Co. Get ALL the feels of a contemporary MCM ranch - open yet defined floor plan with seamless connections to the outdoors, a sunken conversation pit, double height ceilings all over, and curated finishes thoughtfully selected for each room. On over an acre, this house is tucked away on a quiet street with mature trees. Meticulously designed for those who want to escape the ordinary.

6705 Greeley Dr

Nashville, TN 37205

$2,799,000Save $41,985

5 Beds

5.5 Baths

4,820 sqft

See all Nashville listings

Hot listings sell in a matter of days. Set up your custom feed to view the listings that are most relevant to you.

Where to eat, hang out and have a good time

Nashville is home to a number of James Beard award-winning restaurants. Catbird Seat, Henrietta Red, Folk, and Bastion are a few of the many standout restaurants located in Nashville. The city has a strong and growing culinary presence throughout several of its neighborhoods. With so many great options narrowing down the top favorites isn’t easy, but you can never go wrong with the Nashville classics at Arnold’s Country Kitchen, Hattie B’s Hot Chicken, or The Loveless Cafe.

The world-famous Downtown Honky Tonk bars feature live music throughout the day and night. Iconic Broadway favorites include The Stage and Tootsie’s Orchid Lounge. The city also offers many upscale cocktail lounges, such as the Patterson House. You can even find several popular rooftop bars at prestigious Nashville hotels, such as the Westin or Thompson Hotel.

Local Favorites

Pros & Cons of living in Nashville

Pros

  • Endless entertainment and live music.
  • Favorable cost of living for a metropolitan city.
  • Low unemployment rate & rapid development.

Cons

  • Public transportation is not the most efficient.
  • Heavy traffic.
  • Intense humidity during the summer months.

Pictures of Nashville

See all Nashville listings

Hot listings sell in a matter of days. Set up your custom feed to view the listings that are most relevant to you.

How to get around in Nashville

The average one-way commute time for those living in Nashville is approximately 26 minutes. Some neighborhoods in Nashville are very walkable, however, depending on where you live and work, you’ll likely need a car. WeGo is the city’s public transportation bus system. It operates throughout Nashville and Davidson County, but most of the bus routes run closer to the downtown region. Using the public transport system is not as common in Nashville as compared to many traditional metropolitan cities.

Walk Score ®

WalkN/A / 100

Bike Score ®

BikeN/A / 100

Transit Score ®

TransitN/A / 100

Parks and Recreation in Nashville

Even with the rapid development occurring in Nashville, the city still offers a variety of green spaces and parks. Bicentennial Capitol Mall State Park features 19-acres of land and stunning capitol views. The location hosts a number of local events, such as the Nashville Farmers Market. Centennial Park is another popular park centrally located in Nashville. It stretches over 132-acres and is home to the iconic Parthenon replica. Additional favorite parks located throughout the city include Cumberland Park, The Warner Parks, and Radnor Lake.

tree_icon

Cumberland Park

592 S 1st St, Nashville, TN 37213

Cumberland Park is a play space for children and families and a location for events. There is a stone climbing wall, spray park, bouncing pad, a maze, see-saws, and an outdoor amphitheatre for events.

Things to do around Nashville

You can't mention Nashville without making reference to its nickname, "Music City." Nothing epitomizes this nickname better than the Broadway strip found in Downtown Nashville. This road lined with Honky Tonk bars brings in over 16 million tourists per year. Nashville is also a sports town and is home to professional teams such as the Nashville Predators hockey team, Tennessee Titans football team, and Nashville FC soccer team. The Nashville Sounds, a AAA baseball team also calls the popular Germantown neighborhood home. Nashville is known as much for its rich history as it is for its music and sports. Most notably, the former home and current museum of President Andrew Jackson is located in Hermitage, a neighborhood located between Old Hickory Lake and Percy Priest Lake. Speaking of lakes, Nashville has a rich landscape. The Cumberland River passes directly through Downtown Nashville and the Smoky Mountain National Park is a three-hour drive east.

Nashville Zoo at Grassmere

Zoo

3777 Nolensville Pike, Nashville, TN 37211

Country Music Hall of Fame Museum

Country Music Museum

222 Rep. John Lewis Way S, Nashville, TN 37203

Ryman Auditorium

Concert venue

116 5th Ave N, Nashville, TN 37219

Icon Of A Checklist

See all Nashville listings

Hot listings sell in a matter of days. Set up your custom feed Nashville to view the listings that are most relevant to you.

Nashville School Info

Nashville and its surrounding suburbs offer a number of top-performing public and private schools. Hume-Fogg Academic Magnet and Martin Luther King Jr Magnet School are the two leading public schools within the city limits. Another Grade A public school in Nashville is Meigs Academic Magnet, which offers classes for grades 5-8. The top private institution in the area is University School in Nashville.

great_schools_logo

Crime in Nashville

In the past year in Nashville there were 41% more assaults, 32% more burglaries, 41% more robberies, 44% more vehicle thefts compared to the national median.

According to Neighborhood Scout, Nashville has one of the highest documented crime rates in the nation. While this is likely influenced due to tourism, both property and violent crime rates are exceptionally high. One thing to note about the crime rates is that it does vary by area. Certain neighborhoods are less affected by crime, whereas others have higher reports. Nashville’s metropolitan police department partners with Crime Mapping to disclose reported crime in various areas of the city.

Cost of Living in Nashville

Nashville’s overall cost of living is comparable to the U.S average. While housing costs are the highest expense category, it is still favorable for a metropolitan city. The average home cost in Nashville is $474,939. Renters account for roughly 41% of the residential population, and the average rental price for a one-bedroom unit is around $1,000.

  • Education costs 1.30% more than the national average.
  • Entertainment costs 6.40% less than the national average.
  • Food costs 0% more than the national average.
  • In Nashville utilities costs 2.70% more than the national average.
  • Healthcare costs 13.5% less than the national average.

Overall, Nashville’s cost of living is 0.5% less expensive than the national average.

Job Market of Nashville

436,563 Total Popultation

The median household income in Nashville is $56,597 and the average household income in Nashville is $71,966. 15.56% of the population people works in Healthcare, 11.49% works in Education, and 11.48% works in Retail.

Real Estate Trends of Nashville

707
Active Listing
111
Avg. Days on Market
$482,879
Average Listing Price
$474,939
Average Sales Price
98.36%
Sales-to-list Ratio

Music City as it's known is mostly comprised of single-family homes although Downtown Nashville has a number of luxurious high-rise residential condos. The residential real estate boom Nashville is undergoing is largely the result of a city-wide housing shortage. Even though Downtown Nashville seems like it has been taken over by cranes and new construction in the suburbs, people are moving to the city faster than developers can provide extra housing. As long as home buyers are competing over a limited number of desirable properties, home values should continue to skyrocket.

This isn’t to say, however, that all Nashville neighborhoods are created equal. To treat the city as a real estate monolith would be selling short the astounding housing variety within city limits. Although most options do not come cheap, Nashville offers homeowners everything from The Gulch’s downtown penthouses (typically 1,000 - 2,000 square feet) to the tree-lined suburban avenues of Green Hills (typically 2,500 - 4,000 square feet). Whatever style of living you're seeking, it’s somewhere to be found in Nashville’s patchwork of distinctive neighborhoods.

Homes in exceptionally walkable areas, like West End, often list for anywhere from $400,000 to over one million dollars. Places like Germantown, with easy access to Downtown, feature properties that range from around half a million dollars to three times that much.

Those looking for a more affordable entry into the city limits might consider settling in the Antioch, Bellevue, Donelson, or Madison neighborhoods. Many of the homes in these neighborhoods were built in the 1960s and 1970s but have since been updated.

Since becoming a homeowner in Nashville often represents a considerable financial commitment, it’s wise to get to know the character of each neighborhood to find the one best suited to your lifestyle and budget. Once you become well-acquainted with the real estate market of your desired area, you’ll have all the tools to secure your future in Nashville, Tennessee,

Read more

Reviews of Nashville

5.00(2 Reviews)

Share your opinion about Nashville with former, current and prospective residents.

“Nashville as an entire city is so diverse.”

Nashville as an entire city is so diverse. It really has something for everyone. There are neighborhoods for families or single people. There are areas that feel very suburban and areas that feel like you are living in a large city. There are even parts of Nashville that still have farmland. I love that I can go to different parts of the city and find different foods and cultures, and because Nashville is always changing these neighborhoods stay dynamic. I will admit that I do not like going downtown, so I urge all visitors to look beyond the honky-tonks of broadway.

Read more- crosbydigitalmarketing2

“The city of Nashville is so awesome!”

The city of Nashville is so awesome! It is growing like crazy, even if you’ve been in the last five years it likely looks totally new. I’ve spent time on the West Coast & in Chicago, and living in Nashville is truly a great experience. There are so many neighborhoods located all around the city center and they each have a unique vibe. Some of my favorites include Germantown, The Gulch, and 12 South. Many areas in Nashville are also up and coming, so you can likely find great prices on homes! The surrounding suburbs are also beautiful, have top-performing schools, making it an ideal spot for raising a family! Some of my favorite surrounding areas include Franklin, Green Hills, and Nolensville The one downside to Nashville is the lack of public transportation around the urban center, so you can likely count on needing a car (depending on where you live/where). However, many of the downtown neighborhoods are very walkable though & the city has electric shareable scooters!

Read more- Macy.s17

FAQs

What is life in Nashville like?

When living in Nashville, you can expect a rockin’ music scene, lively nightlife entertainment, and a variety of good eats. The metropolitan city is rapidly growing, and each neighborhood has a unique atmosphere. Nashville has something great to offer for everyone.

plus-icon

Why are homes in Nashville a good investment?

Purchasing a home in Nashville is a good investment due to the city’s rapid development, growth, and low unemployment rate. The city has a favorable cost of living, especially compared to many metro cities, and buyers can choose from several affordable properties.

plus-icon

Nearby Cities

The data relating to real estate for sale on this website comes in part from the IDX or Internet Data Exchange Program of the REALTRACS MLS. Real estate listings held by brokerage firms other than Felix Homes are marked with the REALTRACS Internet Data Exchange Program logo. REALTRACS and Felix Homes deem all information is believed to be accurate but not guaranteed and should be independently verified. REALTRACS and this broker assume no responsibility for typographical errors, misprints or misinformation. © 2021 of the REALTRACS MLS. All rights Reserved.